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Fam.:  Orchidaceae / Orchid Family

Synon.:  Ophrys villosa  DESF.,  Ophrys tenthredinifera  WILLD.  subsp. villosa  H.BAUMANN & KÜNKELE

Genus:  Ophrys  L.
 

Authors:
   WILLD.:  Carl Ludwig Willdenow (1765 - 1812), German botanist
   DESF.:  René Louiche Desfontaines (1750 - 1833), French botanist
   H.BAUMANN:  Helmut Adolf Baumann (1937 - 2014), pharmacist and orchid specialist from Boeblingen (Germany)
   KÜNKELE:  Siegfried Künkele (1931 - 2004), German jurist and orchid specialist
   L.:  Carl von Linné (Linnaeus, 1707 - 1777), Swedish naturalist who introduced the binary naming system for plants and animals
 

Etymology:
   Ophrys:   Greek plant name, from ophrys = eyebrow
   tenthredinifera:   bearing sawflies
   villosa:   pilose
 

To Ophrys tenthredinifera s.str. the early flowering orchids in Spain including Balearic islands, Portugal and (very rare) Southern France are belonging in the Western Mediterranean, as well as the former Ophrys villosa in the Eastern Mediterranean which is pollinated by the same bee.
Other pollinators have the following Ophrys tenthredinifera s.l. of the Western Mediterranean:
The late flowering Ophrys ficalhoana in Spain and Portugal, Ophrys neglecta in Italy, Sardinia and Corse, Ophrys grandiflora in Sicily, and the tall-flowered Ophrys spectabilis from Mallorca. In between also in the Eastern Mediterranean several species with different pollinating bees are distinguished.

 

Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, E  Catalunya L'Escala 9.4.2004
Fig. 1:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
E Catalunya L'Escala 9.4.2004
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, E  Mijas 30.3.2018 (Photo: Christian Schlomann)
Fig. 2:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
E Mijas 30.3.2018 (Photo: Christian Schlomann)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, E  Alhaurin El Grande 25.3.2002
Fig. 3:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
E Alhaurin El Grande 25.3.2002
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, E  Alhaurin El Grande 25.3.2002
Fig. 4:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
E Alhaurin El Grande 25.3.2002
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Majorca,  Andratx 3.4.2012
Fig. 5:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Majorca, Andratx 3.4.2012
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Majorca,  Andratx 3.4.2012
Fig. 6:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Majorca, Andratx 3.4.2012
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Majorca,  Port de Andratx 3.4.2012
Fig. 7:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Majorca, Port de Andratx 3.4.2012
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Majorca,  Port de Andratx 9.4.2012
Fig. 8:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Majorca, Port de Andratx 9.4.2012
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Majorca,  Andratx 23.4.2011
Fig. 9:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Majorca, Andratx 23.4.2011
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Majorca,  Andratx 23.4.2011
Fig. 10:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Majorca, Andratx 23.4.2011
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Majorca,  Andratx 23.4.2011
Fig. 11:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Majorca, Andratx 23.4.2011
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, F  S. Paul-de-Fenouillet 10.4.2004
Fig. 12:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
F S. Paul-de-Fenouillet 10.4.2004
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid (seed stem), Rhodos,  Kattavia 23.3.2005
Fig. 13:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid (seed stem)
Rhodos, Kattavia 23.3.2005
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Rhodos,  Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 14:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Rhodos, Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Rhodos,  Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 15:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Rhodos, Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Rhodos,  Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 16:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Rhodos, Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, Rhodos,  Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 17:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
Rhodos, Kolymbia 6.3.2011 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 18:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 19:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 20:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 21:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 22:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 18.2.2010 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 22.3.2016 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 23:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 22.3.2016
(Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 22.3.2016 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 24:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 22.3.2016
(Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, TR  Manavgat 22.3.2016 (Photo: Helmut Presser)
Fig. 25:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
TR Manavgat 22.3.2016
(Photo: Helmut Presser)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, GR  Karpathos, Mertonas 11.3.2008 (Photo: Jan & Liesbeth Essink)
Fig. 26:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
GR Karpathos, Mertonas 11.3.2008 (Photo: Jan & Liesbeth Essink)
Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid, GR  Karpathos, Mertonas 11.3.2008 (Photo: Jan & Liesbeth Essink)
Fig. 27:  Ophrys tenthredinifera / Sawfly Orchid
GR Karpathos, Mertonas 11.3.2008 (Photo: Jan & Liesbeth Essink)
   
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