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Fam.:  Orchidaceae / Orchid Family

Genus:  Platanthera  (L.) RICH.
 

Authors:
   L.:  Carl von Linné (Linnaeus, 1707 - 1777), Swedish naturalist who introduced the binary naming system for plants and animals
   RICH.:  Louis Claude Marie Richard (1754 - 1821), French botanist
 

Etymology:
   Platanthera:   wide anther
   bifolia:   two-leaved
 

BUTTLER and other authors are differing two clans or ecotypes in the relationship of Platanthera bifolia s.l.:
- Platanthera bifolia L.: growth-restricted (10 - 25 (35) cm) and small-flowered, spur 12 -20 (23) cm long, growing in open land
- Platanthera fornicata (BAB.) BUTTLER: with long stem (25 - 50 (90) cm), large-flowered, spur (18-) 25 - 41 mm long, growing in wood.
Of Platanthera fornicata two subspecies are differed by BUTTLER:
- subsp. fornicata: strong growth with compact figure, with bigger flowers
- subsp. atropatanica (B.BAUMANN, H.BAUMANN, R.LORENZ & RUEDI PETER) BUTTLER: with long stem and gracile figure, blooms smaller but with long spur.
'fornicata' means bended, domed. The article in which BUTTLER issued the above classification can be found in Jber. Wetterau. Ges. ges. Naturkunde, vol. 159 - 161, p. 93 - 108 (2011).

 

Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid (fornicata), A  Wienerwald near Baden 20.6.1987
Fig. 1:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid (fornicata)
A Wienerwald near Baden 20.6.1987
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, A  Osttirol, Golzentipp 11.7.2019
Fig. 2:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
A Osttirol, Golzentipp 11.7.2019
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, D  Pfronten 28.6.2016
Fig. 3:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
D Pfronten 28.6.2016
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, D  Pfronten 28.6.2016
Fig. 4:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
D Pfronten 28.6.2016
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, F  Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Fig. 5:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
F Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, F  Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Fig. 6:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
F Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, F  Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Fig. 7:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
F Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, F  Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Fig. 8:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
F Vosges, Grand Ballon 2.7.2018
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, F  Aix-en-Provence 11.5.1984
Fig. 9:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
F Aix-en-Provence 11.5.1984
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, I  Trento 6.6.1989
Fig. 10:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
I Trento 6.6.1989
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, Croatia,  Plitvicka 3.6.2006
Fig. 11:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
Croatia, Plitvicka 3.6.2006
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, Slovenia,  Nova Vas 27.6.2010
Fig. 12:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
Slovenia, Nova Vas 27.6.2010
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, DK  Skagen 25.7.1996
Fig. 13:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
DK Skagen 25.7.1996
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid (seed stem), D  Deggingen 16.7.2005
Fig. 14:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid (seed stem)
D Deggingen 16.7.2005
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid (seed stem), I  Vicenza 17.7.2010
Fig. 15:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid (seed stem)
I Vicenza 17.7.2010
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, Croatia,  Plitvicka 30.6.2010
Fig. 16:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
Croatia, Plitvicka 30.6.2010
Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid, IRL  Burren, Killinaboy 15.6.2012
Fig. 17:  Platanthera bifolia / Lesser Butterfly Orchid
IRL Burren, Killinaboy 15.6.2012
   
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